In America, sports are usually governed by rules and customs. The rules and customs ensure fair competition and consistent adjudication of a winner. Physical events may be used to determine the winner of a match, or judges may be used to score various elements of a sporting performance. For example, a tennis match may be judged according to a scorecard that scores the player’s speed, strength, and stamina.
Several definitions are used to categorize different types of sport. In Michael Brown’s definition, sport is any activity in which a player competes against another person to win the game. This definition excludes track and field competitions, gymnastics and ice events, and golf and archery. This means that sports are defined by the ability of one team to prevent another team from scoring a goal. The Cambridge Dictionary defines a sport as a physical activity in which an opponent may prevent the opponent from scoring a goal.
The term sport is used in many contexts, including physical activities. Whether a team or a single contestant participates, the activity’s goals are similar: to enhance one’s physical ability, to entertain spectators and to improve one’s health. There are hundreds of different types of sports, including games and competitions between individuals or teams. While some involve one contestant, others involve hundreds of contestants. In racing, many people compete simultaneously, and the winner may be declared the fastest. In some cases, there are multiple contestants, like volleyball, soccer, and basketball.
Organised sport is the most common type of sports. There are rules governing the competition, and many games are based on a single goal. Some sports have a tournament that produces a champion. In addition to attracting large crowds to spectator events, sport also provides entertainment to non-participants. A recent study by Kearney suggests that the global sporting industry was worth $620 billion in 2013. The value of this sector was estimated to be around USD 2 trillion in 2013, so the future is bright for the sport world.
In ancient China, artifacts suggest that sport started as early as 2000 BC. There is evidence of sports in ancient China dating back to 1700 BC. In ancient Egypt, it is thought to have existed long before the modern day. Other examples of Egyptian sports are javelin throwing and wrestling. In ancient Persia, jousting and archery, among other sports. Throughout the world, sport has evolved into various forms, and today is an enormous industry with millions of participants.
Various sports have evolved over the centuries. In colonial Virginia and Maryland, the sport of hunting was restricted to landowners. However, in America, game was plentiful and could be hunted by servants and slaves. It was a socially neutral activity. In 1691, Sir Francis Nicholson organised competitions between better Virginians. The contests involved players, trainers, and spectators from all social classes and races.